Acid Reflux (GERD): Symptoms, Causes, Treatment
Acid Reflux, also referred to as gastro esophageal reflux disease or GERD for short, is a chronic condition that causes a person’s liquid stomach contents—including stomach acids, pepsin, and bile—to back up into the esophagus. This backward motion is called reflux.
Even in the average healthy person, some acid reflux does occur. The difference is that in the patient with acid reflux, the contents that are refluxed consist of a much higher concentrate of stomach acid, and the acid stays in the esophagus for a longer period of time.
When the stomach regurgitates its contents back up into the esophagus, the liquid can irritate and inflame the lining of the esophagus, eventually causing permanent damage. Luckily this only happens in a minority of people dealing with acid reflux.
However, small the risk, it is a very serious one. Repeated irritation of the esophagus increases your risk of developing Aden carcinoma.